Perspectives of the limited war and
There is not much sense in talking about limited wars between India and other South Asian countries because, first of all, such an eventuality has no basis in reality and even if India were to be engaged in such a conflict, there is no nuclear dimension that we need to worry about in case of escalation.
Yet few drew any such lessons from that shocking experience.
What should be the function of tactical that is, battlefield weapons as opposed to longer-range nuclear weapons? MacArthur pressed for destroying and routing rollback of North Korea. The concept of limited war is also old and ubiquitous in history.
Limited war in the 18th century
Johnson as part of a strategy to contain the spread of Communism without provoking a wider confrontation with the Soviet Union. To deter such aggressions or to fight local wars effectively without incurring an intolerable risk of nuclear war, the United States, according to this thesis, would have to develop a capacity to fight different kinds of small wars successfully, with a diversified arsenal of conventional capabilities appropriate to various constraints upon weapons, targets, and the zone of combat, while holding open the lines of diplomatic communication to facilitate the termination of combat, probably short of a clear-cut military or political victory. Google Scholar 6. The concept of limited war did not find official favor with American Secretary of State Dulles; only in the last years of the Eisenhower administration were some concessions made to the idea. Truman believed in the containment of North Korea north of the 38th parallel. Furthermore, if involved in a local conventional conflict, the United States and its allies might not be capable of controlling the escalation or expansion of such a war but would have to choose between defeat and a nuclear catastrophe. Crimean War[ edit ] Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Palmerston decided to fight a limited war against Russia since waging a total war would have required massive reform of the armed forces. By the time of the Gulf War, therefore, limited war was seen to require a commitment to controls on both ends and means. Beyond these factors, the limitation of eighteenth-century warfare can be explained simply by the desire of rulers and ruled to avoid the chaos of the religious wars. Although a number of them involved either the United States or the Soviet Union , none involved both powers directly and simultaneously. The limited war in Vietnam is as notable an example as the Korean War of studied application by the United States of ascending gradations of limited force toward the achievement of a negotiated settlement on limited terms. Going it alone brought the world to the disaster of World War II Kennedy and Lyndon B. After World War I, proponents of international order, in their search for collective security and disarmament as methods of avoiding war, generally ignored the problem of limiting war.
They do not believe that we should take the initiative to widen the conflict in the Far East. If we go it alone in Asia, we may destroy the unity of the free nations against aggression. The chance of a skirmish on the Indo-Tibetan border cannot be ruled out.
Factors of limited war
Google Scholar William Kaufmann ed. They do not believe that we should take the initiative to widen the conflict in the Far East. By reconciling military discipline with individual initiative, he enabled states to use new tactics of camouflage, mobility, and destructive pursuit that gave war a new dynamism. The principal exponents of limited war in the eighteenth century were 1 the principal military tacticians of wars of fortification and maneuver, like Vauban and Marshal de Saxe; 2 proponents of international laws to regulate and civilize war, like Vattel, who drew upon the principles of Grotius; and 3 political theorists like Rousseau and Fenelon, who saw war as a necessary, if rather indecisive, instrument for preserving a balance of power. Yet, the new potentialities of destruction inherent in these developments were not fully exploited or generally appreciated until World War I, although the American Civil War should have been a grim warning. In the case of the India-Pakistan scenario, India faces a peculiar problem as Pakistan uses non-state actors as instruments of state policy. Johnson as part of a strategy to contain the spread of Communism without provoking a wider confrontation with the Soviet Union. It wants to see us feared and hated by our allies. Rather, it was generally assumed that unless war could be avoided by collective security and disarmament there would soon be another and even more devastating world war. In the light of this danger, the most challenging problem of limiting warfare in the future might be to extend to an eroding bipolar or multipolar world methods and concepts of deterring, confining, and restraining warfare that would be as effective as those that emerged in the first two decades after what one must hope was the last, and not just the latest, world war. Google Scholar 9. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Kargil perhaps proved that limited wars can be fought in a nuclear backdrop but the futility of such risk-taking was perhaps also proved as it showed that retaining the fruits of aggression, which by definition have to be limited too, through such adventures cannot be assured.
I do not propose to strip this country of its allies in the face of Soviet danger. France went furthest in openly criticizing the doctrine of flexible and controlled response and in acclaiming a doctrine of extended nuclear deterrence as a substitute for conventional resistance.
Clausewitz limited and unlimited war
Thus, a civil war or insurrection may be fought by limited means for the total stake of controlling a government. CrossRef Google Scholar The principal exponents of limited war in the eighteenth century were 1 the principal military tacticians of wars of fortification and maneuver, like Vauban and Marshal de Saxe; 2 proponents of international laws to regulate and civilize war, like Vattel, who drew upon the principles of Grotius; and 3 political theorists like Rousseau and Fenelon, who saw war as a necessary, if rather indecisive, instrument for preserving a balance of power. By reconciling military discipline with individual initiative, he enabled states to use new tactics of camouflage, mobility, and destructive pursuit that gave war a new dynamism. How could such exchanges be kept under effective central command and political control? Google Scholar William Kaufmann ed. Any Indian action against Pakistan would therefore be diplomatically very problematic for India.
Consequently, even if the will to avoid general war had been stronger, war would have become general and extremely destructive without a systematic effort by governments to subject military planning and operations to overall political direction under a strategy of limited war.
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